Balochistan (Balochi, Pashto: بلوچِستان Urdu: بلوچِستان, Balōčistān, pronounced [bəloːt͡ʃɪst̪ɑːn]), is one of the four provinces of Pakistan, located in the southwestern region of the country. Its largest city is Quetta, which is also the provincial capital. It borders Punjab, Sindh, and the federally administrated tribal areas, which lie to the north-east. Balochistan is also bordered by Afghanistan, Iran, and the Arabian Sea to the south.
Most of the province's inhabitants are Balochs, Pashtuns and Brahuis while there are smaller communities of Iranian Balochs, Hazaras, Sindhis, Punjabis, and other settlers such as the Uzbeks, and Turkmens. The nameBalochistan means "the land of the Baloch" in many regional languages. Despite being largely underdeveloped, the provincial economy is dominated by natural resources and the natural gas fields, which supply the entire country. In addition, Gwadar Port also plays a significant role in the economic development of the province.
Unique for its culture, Balochistan is noted for its extremely dry desert climate, with very hot summers and mild winters as well as its granite mountain ranges.
All sources from Wikipedia.