Morocco (i/məˈrɒkoʊ/; Berber: ⵎⵓⵔⴰⴽⵓⵛ Murakush means "Land of God" ; Arabic: المغرب al-Maġribmeans
"The West" ; French: Maroc), officially the Kingdom of Morocco, is a country in the Maghreb region ofNorth Africa. Geographically, Morocco is characterized by a rugged mountainous interior and large portions of desert. It is one of only three countries (with Spain and France) to have both Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines. The berber name Tageldit-n-Murakush ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵎⵓⵔⴰⴽⵓⵛ meaning "The Kingdom of Murakush" (The english name "Morocco" originates from the berber name Murakush which means "Land of God") and the arabic name al-Mamlakah al-Maghribiyah المملكة المغربية meaning "The Western Kingdom" are commonly used as alternate names.
Morocco has a population of over 33,8 million and an area of 446,550 km2 (172,410 sq mi). Its political capital isRabat, although the largest city is Casablanca; other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Tetouan, Salé,Fes, Agadir, Meknes, Oujda, Kenitra, and Nador. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Its distinct culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, Sub-Saharan African, and European influences.
Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara as its Southern Provinces. Morocco annexed the territory in 1975, leading to a guerrilla war with indigenous forces until a cease-fire in 1991. Peace processeshave thus far failed to break the political deadlock.
Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Ministerand the president of the Constitutional court.
Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, while the official languages are Berber and Arabic. Moroccan Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken.
All sources from Wikipedia